Q1. A Read the first activity. Then read the extract. Thereafter answer the activities following it :                                                                                                                                (12 Marks)

A1. State whether the following statements are True or False. (Global Understanding) (2M)
(a) There is nothing wrong in being grateful to great men.
(b) Hero-worship leads to dictatorship.
(c) Liberty cannot be divorced from equality.
(d) One man one vote and one vote one value.

Extract :
There is nothing wrong in being grateful to great men who have rendered life-long services to the country. But there are limits to gratefulness. As has been well said by the Irish Patriot Daniel O’Connel, ‘No man can be grateful at the cost of his honour, no woman can be grateful at the cost of her chastity and no nation can be grateful at the cost of its liberty.’ This caution is far more necessary in the case of India than in the case of any other country, for in India, Bhakti or what may be called the path of devotion or hero-worship, plays a part in its politics unequalled in magnitude by the part it plays in the politics of any other country in the world. Bhakti in religion may be a road to the salvation of the soul. But in politics, Bhakti or hero-worship is a sure road to degradation and to eventual dictatorship. On the 26th of January 1950, we are going to enter into a life of contradictions. In politics, we will have equality and in social and economic life we will have inequality. In politics we will be recognizing the principle of ‘one man one vote’ and ‘one vote one value’. In our social and economic life, we shall, by reason of our social and economic structure, continue to deny the principle of one man one value. How long shall we continue to live this life of contradictions ? How long shall we continue to deny equality in our social and economic life ? If we continue to deny it for long, we will do so only by putting our political democracy in peril. We must remove this contradiction at the earliest possible moment or else those who suffer from inequality will blow up the structure of political democracy which this Assembly has so laboriously built up.

A2. Complete the table about a life of contradiction : (Complex Factual) (2M)

A3. Using your own sentences and viewpoint, expand the idea expressed in the statement : (Inference/Interpretation/Analysis) (2M)
But in politics, Bhakti or hero-worship is a sure road to degradation and to eventual dictatorship.

A4. Describe all the steps that you feel are essential to unite the people of different genders, classes, castes, races, religions and languages in India. (Personal Response Type) (2M)

A5. Language Study : (2M)
a) There is nothing wrong in being grateful to great men. (Add a Question Tag)
b) Bhakti in religion may be a road to the salvation of the soul. (Rewrite using a Modal Auxiliary of 'Ability' by replacing the underlined word)

A6. Pick out words from the passage which mean : (Vocabulary) (2M)
a) importance -
b) impartiality -

B. Language Study : (4 Marks)
1.) Feeling uncomfortable, Sanjay said, "I will go back. I can't spend so much time here." (Rewrite using Indirect Speech) (2M)
2. Our Mridula is intelligent. (Rewrite as an Exclamatory Sentence) (1M)
3. They had an entire railway coach and planned to take a cook with them. (Rewrite using 'not only . . . but also') (1M)

Q2. A Read the first activity. Then read the extract. Thereafter answer the activities following it :                                                                                                                                (12 Marks)

A1. Match the Subjects in Column A with their Details given in Column B: (2M)
Column A                             Column B

a)10th-16th centuries CE 1.Greek slave
b)725                                   2.made free & open speech dangerous for the speaker
c)Aesop                               3.fables originally told from person-to-person
PADMA.jpgd)authoritarian rule         4.fables began to be written down

Extract :
Written by a former Greek slave, in the late to mid-6th century BCE, Aesop’s Fables are the world’s best known collection of morality tales. The fables, numbering 725, were originally told from person-to-person as much for entertainment purposes but largely as a means for relaying or teaching a moral or lesson. Ultimately the fables represent one of the oldest characteristics of human life: storytelling. Fables are designed to highlight both, desired and undesirable human behaviours : What to do or What not to do.

The fables, written down in Greek between the 10th-16th centuries CE, may not be recorded in the exact words as when they were first told. Over time, and largely due to the numerous times the stories were re-told, words may have been changed or eliminated in order to fit the storyteller’s purpose. Despite these changes, one characteristic that most of the fables share is the role of animals in the stories. The animals display human-like qualities, especially the characteristics of speech and behavior. In effect, the stories are designed to mimic human life. Most of the stories/fables are meant to highlight bad or poor human decisions and behaviors.

Often the focus of Greek learning, especially regarding instruction for children in reading and writing, Aesop’s Fables served a multitude of additional purposes. Politically, the fables emerged in a time period of Greek history when authoritarian rule often made free & open speech dangerous for the speaker. The fables served as a means by which criticisms against the government could be expressed without fear of punishment. In effect, the stories served as a code by which the weak and powerless could speak out against the strong and powerful. Additionally, the stories served to remind the weak that being clever could provide a means by which they could succeed against the powerful. The fables were also considered as a valuable tool in speeches especially as a means to persuade others about a specific point. The fables served as a fascinating form of children’s entertainment. That was far beyond being just a simple teaching tool. 

Here's an example of one such Aesop's Fables.
The Ant & the Grasshopper
In a field one summer's day a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing to its heart's content. An Ant passed by, bearing along with great toil, a corn it was taking to the nest.

"Why not come and chat with me," said the Grasshopper, "instead of toiling and moiling in that way?"

"I am helping to lay up food for the winter," said the Ant, "and recommend you to do the same."

"Why bother about winter?" said the Grasshopper; "we have got plenty of food at present."  But the Ant went on its way and continued its toil.  When the winter came, the Grasshopper had no food and found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the ants distributing every day corn and grain from the stores they had collected in the summer.  Then the Grasshopper knew the life-lesson which the tiny ants had taught it.

A2. Complete the following web-diagram without changing its format and by limiting yourself to only the most needed words : (2M)

PADMA.jpgA3. 'The stories served to remind the weak that being clever could provide a means by which they could succeed against the powerful.'
Justify this statement using at least 2 reasons of your own
. (2M)

A4. An Aesop's Fable that concludes the passage has a few morals hidden within it. Point out 2 such moral lessons we get to learn from the fable. (2M)

A5. Language Study : (2M)
a) "I am helping to lay up food for the winter," said the Ant, "and recommend you to do the same." (Rewrite using Reported Speech)
b) The fables served as a fascinating form of children’s entertainment. (Rewrite as an Exclamatory Sentence)

A6. Give the Antonyms of : (Words with Opposite Meanings) (2M)
a) morality ×
b) display ×

B. Prepare a Summary of the given paragraph in 2-3 sentences. Begin with a suitable title to the summary. (3 Marks)

World-renowned poet, lyricist and writer Javed Akhtar has become the first Indian to receive the prestigious Richard Dawkins Award for 2020 for critical thinking, holding religious dogma upto scrutiny, advancing human progress and humanist values. Previous recipients include American TV host, comedian and political commentator Bill Maher and English-American intellectual, philosopher, social critic and writer Christopher Hitchens. The citation states that recipient will be a distinguished individual from the worlds of science, scholarship, education or entertainment, who publicly proclaims the values of secularism and rationalism, upholding scientific truth wherever it may lead. Mr. Akhtar, who is known for his strong, well-grounded and fiercely independent views on polity, society, art and culture and religion alike, said that he was deeply honoured. “I have been a great admirer of Richard Dawkins ever since I read his first book 'The Selfish Gene'. I received an email from him informing me that I had been unanimously selected for the award by the board of Centre for Inquiry USA in which The Richard Dawkins Foundation is housed. Richard Dawkins is a fierce advocate of empirical science over superstition. I have read all his books and they have strengthened my own views on the need to expose religious dogma as an enemy of critical thinking and rationality.” Javed Akhtar has also stated that we need to reassess the ideas of secularism. Mr. Akhtar was part of a line-up of speakers at the third edition of the Mumbai Collective, a day-long festival celebrating secularism, pluralism, democracy and freedom. For a little over 40 minutes, Mr. Akhtar, talked about politics, current affairs, the importance of the Indian armed forces as a peerless institution, above regionalism and casteism and the pressing need to reassess our ideas about secularism – in order to defeat communal forces.


Q3. A. Read the first activity. Then read the extract. Thereafter answer the activities following it :                                                                                                                               (10 Marks)

A1. Tree are revered highly because -          (2M)

Eight year have passed
Since I placed my cherry seed in the grass.

PADMA.jpg“Must have a tree of my own,” I said,
And watered it once and went to bed
And forgot; but cherries have a way of growing,
Though no one’s caring very much or knowing.
And suddenly that summer near the end of May,
I found a tree had come to stay.
It was very small, five months child,
Lost in the tall grass running wild.
Goats ate the leaves, the grass cutter’s scythe
Split it apart and a monsoon blight
Shrivelled the slender stem…… Even so,
Next spring I watched three new shoots grow,
The young tree struggle, upward thrust
Its arms in a fresh fierce lust
For light and air and sun.

I could only wait, as one
Who watched, wandering, while Time and the rain
Made a miracle from green growing pain…….
- Ruskin Bond

A2. Find proof from the poem for the following : (2M)
a) The poet has minutely observed the steady growth of the cherry tree.
b) The cherry seed had immense belief in itself and a strong desire towards life.

A3. In 3-4 sentences of your own, write about an element / an aspect of the nature which you think, has inspired you in the most incredible ways. (2M)

A4. Pick out an example of Personification and explain it. (2M)

A5. Compose a 4 line poetry of your own on 'Greenery. (2M)

B. Write the Appreciation of the poem given below : (4 Marks)

Westminster Bridge

Earth has not any thing to show more fair:
Dull would he be of soul who could pass by
A sight so touching in its majesty:
This City now doth, like a garment, wear
The beauty of the morning; silent, bare,
Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples lie
Open unto the fields, and to the sky;
All bright and glittering in the smokeless air.

Never did sun more beautifully steep

PADMA.jpgIn his first splendour, valley, rock, or hill;
Ne'er saw I, never felt, a calm so deep!
The river glideth at his own sweet will:
Dear God! the very houses seem asleep;
And all that mighty heart is lying still!
- William Wordsworth

Question :
Write the Appreciation of the above poem using the following points :
▪︎Central Idea
▪︎Figures of Speech
▪︎Favourite Line


Q4. Read the following ideas / proverbs / quotes and expand on any one of them : (5 Marks)

a) The salt of patience seasons everything

b) A ship in the harbour is safe, but that is not what a ship is for

c) The important thing is to never stop questioning.
- Albert Einstein