Commerce - IV 


Q1:       What is Production Management? Bring Out its scope / function.

Q2:       What are the objectives of Production Management?

Q3:       Briefly explain the steps in Production Planning & Control.

Q4:       What is Production System? What are the different types of production systems?

Q5:       Briefly explain the concept of productivity. Explain the factors influencing / affecting industrial productivity.

Q6:       What do you mean by Inventory Control? What are its objectives/importance?


Q7:       What are the different techniques of inventory control?

Q8:       What is Inventory Management? What are its objectives / importance?

Q9        What is Quality?  Explain its Dimensions.

Q10.     What are the different types of costs of quality? 

Q11.     Explain the Importance of Total Quality Management.                

Q12.     What do you mean by “Quality Circle” (QC). Explain its features.

Q13.     Write a short note on ISO 9001.

Q14.     Explain the Steps in Six Sigma Approach.

Q15.     Explain the Kaizen Process.

Q16.     What do you mean by Service Quality Management? Explain the importance of service quality management.           

Q17.     Describe the gaps in SERVQUAL Model.

Q18.     Explain the Structure of Indian Financial Market.

Q19      Discuss the Initial Public Offer (IPO) Procedure.

Q20      Explain the procedures of Dematerialization

Q21.     Explain the Role / Services of NSDL.

Q22.     Explain the Role / Services of CDSL.

Q23.     Write a short note on SEBI.

Q24.     Explain types of Speculators in stock markets.

Q25.     Explain the Merits of Credit Ratings.


Q26.     Write short note on : (CRISIL)

Q27.     Write short note on : CARE credit rating agency

Q28.     Discuss the importance of mutual funds.

Q29.     Explain the factors responsible for growth of Mutual Funds in India.

Q30.     Write a short note on Systematic Investment Plan. (SIP)

Q31.    Write a short note on Categories of Commodity Market.

Q32.     Explain the different Participants in the Derivative market.

Q33.    Explain the different types of Derivatives instruments.

Q34.     What is Micro finance? Explain its role and importance.





Q1:       What do you mean by Public Finance? Explain the scope of public finance.

Q2:       Explain the different functions of Public finance.

Q3:       Explain in detail the principle of maximum social advantage.       

Q4:       Explain the role of Government in correcting market failure.

Q5:       Explain the meaning of market failures. What are the causes of Market failure?

Q6:       Explain the concept of public revenue. Discuss the various sources of Public revenue to the government.

Q7:       Explain different objectives of taxation.

Q8:       What are the Indirect taxes? Explain the merits and demerits of indirect taxes.

Q9:       Explain the impact, shifting and incidence of Taxation.

Q10:     How do elasticity’s of demand and supply affect the incidence of taxation? 

Q11.     Discuss the economic effects of taxation on income, wealth and consumption.

Q12.     Define Public Expenditure. How is public expenditure classified?


Q13.     Discuss the economic effects of public expenditure.

Q14.     What are the causes of increase in public expenditure in India?

Q15.     Write a note on Public Debt Management.

Q16.     Explain the meaning and classification of Public Debt.

Q17.     Discuss the burden of internal and external public debt.       

Q18.     What is Fiscal Policy? What are the main objectives of fiscal policy in India?

Q19.     What is Sound Finance? Discuss the features of Sound finance.

Q20.     What is Functional finance? Explain its features.

Q21.     Explain the main components / Structure of budget.       

Q22.     Explain the features of FRBM Act, 2003.

Q23.     Explain Fiscal Federalism in India.













Q1.       Discuss the Violations of Consumer Rights.

Q2.       Explain the important features / provisions of Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

Q3.       Explain any four laws passed before 1986 having provisions regarding consumer protection.

Q4.       Write a note on Consumer Courts under Consumer Protection Act.

Q5.       Write a note on Consumer Movements in India.

Q6.       Discuss the Genesis (origin) of Right to information Act

Q7.       Discuss the important provisions of RTI Act 2005.


Q8.       Write any four success stories under the RTI Act.

Q9.       What is Public interest litigation? Explain its need.

Q10.    Describe the procedure to file Public interest litigation.

Q11:     Write a short note on Citizens Charter.

Q12:     Write a short note on Public Services Guarantee Acts.

Q13:     Explain Anthropocentrism approach to understand ecology. 

Q14.    Write a note on bio-centrism and eco-centrism.

Q15.    What is deep ecology? Explain the principles of Deep ecology.

Q16.     Discuss the concept of Sustainability Principle of Environment.

Q17.     Explain the Polluter Pays Principles.

Q18.    Describe the Precautionary Principle of Environment.

Q19.     Discuss the Equity Principle of Environment.

Q20.     Discuss the Participation Principle of Environment.

Q21.    Explain the uses or applications of Laser Technology.

Q22.     What is Satellite Technology? Explain the Uses of Satellite Technology.

Q23:     What are the different uses of Global Positioning System (GPS)?

Q24.    Write short note on “Applications of Information and Communication Technology”.

Q25.     Explain the applications of Biotechnology with respect to Medicine & Agriculture.

Q26.    What is Nanotechnology? Explain the applications of “Nanotechnology”.

Q27.    Write a note on Misuse of technology.

Q28.    What is meant by Soft skills? State some important soft skills required for competitive exams.

Q29.    Write a detailed note on : Maslow’s theory of Motivation.

Q30.    Write a note on McGregor Theory X and Theory Y.

Q31.    Write a note on Types of Motivation.

Q32.     Discuss the effects of poor or lack of Access to technology.

Q33.     Write a note on GMAT and CAT.





Q1.       What are the Limitations of Auditing?

Q2.       Discuss fully objects of Auditing.

Q3.       What are the different types of errors?   

Q4.       How would you classify the frauds?

Q5.       What are the responsibilities of Auditor for errors & frauds?        

Q6.       What are the principles of Auditing?                  

Q7.       Who are the users of Financial Information?                  

Q8.       Write short notes on: window dressing

Q9.       Write short notes on: concept of true and fair view

Q10.     What are the advantages & disadvantages of continuous audit?       

Q11.     What is Interim Audit? What are its advantages & disadvantages?


Q12.     What are the sources of obtaining information about clients business?

Q13.     What steps should be taken by the auditor before commencement of audit.                                 

Q14.     What do you mean by an audit programme? What factors an auditor should consider while developing audit programme?    

Q15.     What are the advantages & disadvantages of Audit Programme?

Q16.     What do you mean by Audit Working Papers? What are its importance?  

Q17.     Explain the importance of Audit Note Book.       

Q18.     What do you mean by Audit Planning? What are its objectives?

Q19.     Discuss the different techniques of auditing.                  

Q20.     What are the advantages & disadvantages of test checking?

Q21.     What are the precautions to be taken in test checking?   

Q22.     What are the factors to be considered while deciding the size of sample?                        

Q23.     Write a short note on “sampling risk”.                 

Q24.     What do you mean by internal control? What are its objectives / importance?

Q25.     What are the duties of an auditor relating to internal control? 

Q26.     Distinguish between Accounting and Auditing.                                        

Q27.     Suggest an effective internal control system for sales.

Q28.     Suggest an effective internal control system for purchases.

Q29.     Suggest an effective internal control system for debtors.

Q30.     What is internal check? What are its objectives?                        

Q31.     What are the importance / uses of internal audit?


Q32.     How would you vouch the following?

1.         Sales (cash and credit)

2.         Rental receipts

3.         Interest received / interest on investment

4.         Recovery of bad debts                                                 

5.         Purchases (credit and cash)

6.         Salaries and wages

7.         Advertisement expense:                       


Q33.     How would you verify the following?

1.         Plant & machinery

2.         Debtors

3.         Investments

4.         Patents know-how

5.         Furniture & fixtures

6.         Contingent liability




Business Law II




Q1        Define a Company.  What are the essential features of a company?                    

Q2        Who is Promoter? Explain the duties and liabilities of promoter.

Q3        What are the various types of Companies?                    

Q4        Explain the privileges / advantages enjoyed by Private companies as compared with Public companies. 

Q5        Explain the Restriction on Private Companies. 

Q6        Describe the procedure for converting a private co. into a public co.

Q7        What is Memorandum of Association? Explain Clauses of Memorandum of Association.

Q8        Explain fully the doctrine of ultra-vires in relation to companies.

Q9        Discuss the Doctrine of constructive Notice & Doctrine of Indoor management.

Q10      Enumerate the various modes of becoming a member of a company and state how a person may cease to be a member.

Q11      What are the rights & liabilities / Duties of a Member of company ?

Q12      What are the qualification & disqualification of a Director ?

Q13      State the provisions and procedure for obtaining Directors Identification Number. (DIN)

Q14      Explain the legal position of Company Directors.

Q15      Explain fully the provisions as to Extra ordinary General meeting of the Company.


Q16      Explain different types of Company meetings.

Q17.     Define “Partnership” & discuss the essential elements thereof.

Q18      What are the Rights & duties of Partners ?

Q19      What is Dissolution of a firm?  State the various modes of Dissolution.

Q20      What are the consequences of dissolution of a partnership firm?

Q21      Explain the Nature and Salient features of Limited Liability Partnership. 

Q22      Discuss the provisions of the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 for winding up and dissolution of a Limited Liability Partnership . 

Q23      Distinguish between LLP and Partnership 

Q24      Who is consumer and who is not consumer under Consumer Protection Act 1986? 

Q25      Explain the following concepts

1.         Complaint:

2.         Defect:

3.         Deficiency:

4.         Unfair Trade Practice:

5.         Consumer:

6.         Consumer Dispute:

Q26      Explain the Constitution of Central consumer Protection Council.

Q27      Explain the Composition and Jurisdiction of the State commission

Q28      Discuss the Composition and Jurisdiction of the National Commission

Q29      Who can file a complaint under the Consumer Protection Act? What is the manner in which a compliant can be filed to the District forum? State the procedure of disposal of the complaint.


Q30      What are the Objectives of Competition Act, 2002. 

Q31      Briefly explain the Constitution of Competition Commission of India.

Q32      Write a note on Anti Competitive Agreements.

Q33      What is a Patent? How is a patent granted in India

Q34      What are the Intellectual Property Rights of a Patentee

Q35      State and explain principles underlying Patent Law in India.

Q36      What is the meaning of Copyright under the Copy right Act, 1957, as amended till date?

Q37      What do you mean by infringement of Copy rights and explain the remedies available.

Q38      Write a short note on Grant of Trade Mark and Protection.

Q39      Write a short note on: Infringement of Trade Mark and action against Infringement.


Company Secretarial Practice



Q1        Explain the meaning and appointment of Company Directors.

Q2        What are the duties of Company Directors?

Q3        Explain the Role / Position of Directors in Company Management.

Q4        State provisions in the Companies Act 2013 as regards Directors Identification Number.

Q5        Who is Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Company?  Explain his role.

Q6        Who is company Auditor? How is he appointed?

Q7        What are the Rights and Powers of Auditor?

Q8        What are the Duties of Company Auditor?

Q9        Explain the types of Company meetings with the help of chart.

Q10      Explain the Secretarial duties / functions relating to Annual General meeting.

Q11      Explain the Secretarial Duties relating to extra ordinary General Meeting.

Q12      Explain the legal provisions and secretarial Duties relating to Board Meeting.


Q13      Write short note on Agenda of Meeting. 

Q14      Who is Chairman of meeting? Explain the duties / functions of chairman of meeting.

Q15      What do you mean by Proxy? Explain the legal provisions regarding appointment of Proxy.

Q16      Explain the different types / Kinds of Motion . 

Q17      What do you mean by Resolution? Explain the different types of resolution.

Q18      What do you mean by Voting? Explain the different methods of Voting used in company meetings.

Q19      Write a short note on Minutes.

Q20      What is Dematerialization ? State the benefits / Need and importance  of depository system.

Q21      Explain the Procedures of converting physical shares in electronic form               

Q22      Explain the Secretarial duties in issuing securities in de-materialized form.

Q23      What do you mean by On line Trading? What are its advantages and Disadvantages?

Q24      Write a Short note on BSE online Trading system (BOLT). 

Q25      What do you mean by Listing of Shares? What are the advantages / benefits of Listing of Securities?

Q26      Explain the steps in the Procedure of Listing of shares

Q27      Write a short note on BSE’s online Surveillance system (BOSS)

Q28      Explain in detail Directors Report or Annual Report.

Q29      Explain the Secretarial duties / procedures relating to payment of Dividend.

Q30      Explain the Secretarial duties / procedures relating to payment of interest. 

Q31      Explain the procedure of winding up of a company.

Q32      Explain the statutory provisions applicable to winding up of a company

Q33      Draft Notice and Agenda of  Annual General Meeting.                

Q34      Draft Resolution for appointment of Company Secretary.





Q1        What do you mean by Television advertising? Explain its merits and Demerits. 

Q2        What do you mean by Newspaper advertising? Explain its merits and Demerits. 

Q3        What do you mean by Outdoor advertising? Explain its merits and Demerits. 

Q4        Explain the advantages and Limitations of Cinema / Film Advertising. 

Q5        What are the advantages and limitations of internet advertising / Online advertising.


Q6        Write a short note on Media Research.

Q7        Explain the steps in planning advertising Campaign.

Q8        Write a detailed note on DAGMAR Model.

Q9        What are the factors determining Ad budget.

Q10      What are the methods of preparing Ad budget?

Q11      What is Media Planning? What are the steps in media planning?

Q12      What are the factors influencing Choice of media?

Q13      Write a short note on: Media scheduling strategies

Q14      What do you mean by Creativity? Discuss the importance / Role of Creativity in advertising.

Q15      Explain the steps in Creative Process.

Q16      Explain the steps in Creative brief.

Q17      Write a short note on Visualization Techniques.

Q18      Write a short note on Buying Motives.

Q19      What are the advantages and limitations of Celebrity Endorsements?

Q20      Write a note on high involvement products.

Q21      What are the essentials of Copywriting for advertisement?

Q22      Discuss the Principles of good layout in advertising.

Q23      Explain the Functions / Role of illustration.

Q24      Explain the importance of music and jingles in advertising.

Q25      What are the objectives of Testing Advertising effectiveness?

Q26      What are the methods of Pre - Testing Advertising effectiveness?

Q27      What are the methods of Post - Testing Advertising effectiveness?